Wednesday, December 26, 2012

Studebaker Avanti - 1965

STUDEBAKER AVANTI ....





For over sixty years, the name " Studebaker "was synonymous in the American automotive car quality, affordable, simple technique and economic and avant-garde style. The history of the company dates back to 1736 and the activity was then devoted to the construction of wagons and carriages in South Bend, Indiana. It was not until 1910 that was created the " Studebaker Corporation "which began producing trucks and cars which proved very robust and reliable. Before the war, from 20 to 45 years, the company began to diversify its production focuses primarily on four-door family sedan economical and robust and technologically advanced such as the front wheels independent in 1935. After the war, " Studebaker "will offer talented designers like the famous" Raymond Loewy "Virgil M. Exner and that will make the heyday of house designing innovative cars strong character. Unfortunately after trying to merge with Packard in 1954, " Studebaker "face fierce competition indulged American manufacturers, will encounter financial difficulties to finally stop its activity in 1966 ....


This is the most iconic brand was the Studebaker Avanti , a sports car with a strong character designed by the famous designer Raymond Loewy the "Coke bottle". Introduced in 1963, the amazing Avanti was a sports coupé described as one of the most significant milestones in the industry after the war has acquired a true icon status among fans and collectors. Developed rapidly under the leadership of President Studebaker, newly arrived at his post in 1961, the Avanti was intended to remove the frail American manufacturer of its slump. The great evils great remedies and for the occasion, it is still the team to Raymond Loewy we appealed. It is surrounded by Tom Kellogg, Bob Andrews and John Ebstein technicians in their fields, as saying that we are not dealing with a bunch of amateurs. To achieve its goals, the design team rented a house near Palm Springs to isolate themselves from birth until the design of the car. Its proportions and its simplicity, the result contrasts with the productions of time, the style of the unusual Studebaker Avanti seems to European rather than American inspiration. Finite lines overloaded cars dating from the period of President Eisenhower, the Kennedy era promises to be a fresh new style on American cars ....


The Studebaker Avanti , flanked by a cover asymmetrical, round headlights to rectangular frame 63 in the summer, framed by wings prominent, like no other car at the time. The rear is characterized by a panoramic window while the profile contains probably the most interesting detail of the vehicle i.e. curved waistline mimicking the design of the bottles of Coca-Cola. Two models rolling metal hull are made ​​in France by coach builder Pichon-Parrat. One to two volumes, one to three volumes, both with a door on the left and two on the right, to consider four possibilities body. On 27 April 1961, the final model is fully endorsed by the Executive Committee of Studebaker. Gestation has not requested 40 days the bet is won. The front of the car has no grille and headlights are recessed into the front, the air inlet is located under a thin blade bumper. Pressed for time, Sherwood Egbert decided to make the body laminated polyester, this solution is also economic. In the end, the future flagship of the range, is a two-door coupe, four-seater line novel, everything has been redesigned aesthetics, technology, comfort and safety. The Avanti Sudebaker publicly presented April 26, 1962, at the Salon International de l'Automobile in New York ....


Inside the Sudebaker Avanti has a dashboard with a central console which evoke shapes and volumes that are still found on cars of the 80s. Orders are inspired aeronautics and interior is modern and full of interesting details like padding at some reinforcements cash. Among the fun details, we note an opening on the rear to access the trunk. The interior is functional and very large, the driver has 1.18 m between the pedals and seat type tub. Visibility is excellent 2, 40 m2 glass tinted windows are curved and laminated glass for the windshield and rear window. Inside an ingenious crash padding envelope dashboard style aeronautical all instrumentation is housed by a visor extended beyond the windshield by a projection on the cap and asymmetric line of sight is used to pilot giving a certain character on the front. Headlight orders, the rheostat panel and heating in the ceiling are still similar to aviation. Also in the radius of the novel, a rollbar before time is incorporated into the roof and side panels, doors are equipped with a locking system original, safety cone preventing them from opening when accident. These two innovations contribute to the rigidity of the entire structure of the incredible Studebaker Avanti ....


The Studebaker Avanti , the technique is not set aside for that. The front brakes are disc type, Dunlop, manufactured under license by Bendix, this is a first for an American car series. The engineer Eugene Harding uses a convertible chassis Lark shortened and stiffened by a central cross strengthened to compensate for the reduced resistance to twisting of the fiberglass body. The suspensions were derived from Lark Wagon for rear blades while amortization was increased from Lark of special police. Regarding the engine, the engineers will largely draw from the organ bank group. Under the hood of the classical model, a V8 4.7 liter engine that develops 240 horsepower will be chosen to propel the coupe. On the model of luxury, Paxton supercharger was available as an option to boost the power to 289 horsepower. Finally, at the top of the range sports version called the Studebaker Avanti use a block bored that develops 400 horsepower. Nowadays it has become a model Vintage Classic typically highly sought after by enthusiasts and collectors wealthy U.S. warned ....




Specifications:
  • Engine: V8
  • Displacement: 4.7 L
  • Power: 400 hp
  • Torque: 450 Nm
  • Speed: 190 km / h

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