Wednesday, January 23, 2013

Peugeot HX1


Peugeot HX1 ....


   
In 1810, the brothers Jean-Pierre and " Jean-Frédéric Peugeot "transform foundry and rolling mill the old family by developing a process of cold rolling which will enable them to produce a high quality tool whose reputation will spread quickly. From 1881, " Peugeot "will start manufacturing bicycles and in 1889, the construction of Daimler which they had bought the rights. The first car " Peugeot "which was actually a quadricycle will come in 1890 ....


Nowadays, this venerable French brand more than a century continues to illustrate offering a great range of attractive cars. For its next flagship, the Lion brand is even considering breaking the codes of high-end. Peugeot even seems resolved to attempt a raid on the uplands occupied by Audi, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz. The reason is simple. The category "premium" still holds great promise for growth and profits in Europe for export. To do this, the specifications of the new car on a mission to "create a vehicle that can accommodate up to six people, while offering a strong style, athletic, efficient, and providing unique driving sensations. Unveils Peugeot want to develop new "premium crossover" equipped with HYbrid4 engine plugin (rechargeable). Surprise French arrived at the last Frankfurt Motor Show, it is called Peugeot HX1 ....


The stunning Peugeot HX1 is designed to imagining future solutions in many areas of the car of the future such as architecture, aerodynamics, modularity, equipment, interior materials and the environment, and of course, the engine. It is built with a uni-body architecture with atypical proportions making it sporty and elegant. With lines inspired by the latest models Sochaux, it comes with an aerodynamic unconventional and rather slender. With a length of 4.93 meters to 1.99 meters wide and 1.37 meters high, the HX1 gets a Cx of 0.28. With its scissor doors, eternal fantasy designer, the beautiful is really the dream car even if it adopts the elegant silhouette of a big break uni-body carefully lowered. The brand emphasizes the role of aerodynamics in neat performance first order Peugeot HX1 which implements all the tricks to reduce the aerodynamic drag coefficient. Movable flaps are deployed according to the speed, as the top of the tailgate between the legs of its wheels. As for the mirrors, they disappear in favor of cameras, much less bulky ....


The unusual Peugeot HX1 offers the famous grille "floating" étrennée in series and the 508 fires boomerang so unmistakable sign the new style of the brand, but everything else is new. Air intakes magnified by the brushed metal and polished mobile rear spoiler. Obviously, the team of designers designer Gilles Vidal does not have any new route of exploration such as these small spoilers assets located on the rear that optimize the aerodynamics of the vehicle by opening once the 100 km / h exceeded. Or also those rims drawn shaped turbine that also give an effect of speed when the car is in motion. In the end, aesthetically, the car needed. At the front, the grille unique "floating" and LED projectors cats remind the emblem of the brand with the lion, proudly affixed the stamped cover. Visual signature is also found that the rear lights, the boomerang shape accompanies the movement of the stern. Four reverse-opening doors, semi-scissor, open wide to allow passengers easy access to the interior of the magnificent Peugeot HX1 ....


The Peugeot HX1 offers six places in extreme luxury. It uses high quality materials (flooring and cabinetry in natural oak inlaid fiber optics, brushed metal, leather ...) and modern (digital displays, touch screens ...). The designers have cleverly worked on brightness (LED spots, streaks back-lit by natural light on the roof ...). The steering column is electrically lie parallel to the seat adjustment, to facilitate accessibility. The steering wheel tightens automatically when the car goes into "cruising" for greater comfort. Finally, the central multifunctional display rotates, leaving only the essential information visible on its edge. At the rear, the center console includes a minibar and a coffee machine, discreet nod to the history of Peugeot. This console is adorned with white Carrara marble, handmade milled, which contributes to the exclusive and modern atmosphere. If necessary, two retractable seats can be configured on a central row, through a system of "seats nested". The interior is very carefully finished with materials like brushed metal, leather or fiber optics. The speakers fit in the headrest way business class. Touch screens abound and mood lighting mixes different light sources in fiber optic panels and door against gigantic translucent roof. How can we not see in these large-dishes of precious wood, in this Carrara marble and the square meters of hand-stitched leather expression of a legitimate ambition of making high-end with the Peugeot HX1 ....


The front cover of the Peugeot HX1 houses the now famous Hybrid4 system already seen on the 3008 and very soon available on the new 508 RXH. Motorization proposes 4-cylinder Diesel 2.2 HDI familiar 150 kW (204 hp), which is a welcome reinforcement in the person of an electric motor of 70 kW (95 hp) mounted between the rear wheels. The combined power of both engines reached about 220 kilowatts, or 299 horsepower. A new technology allows 4 wheel drive when the two engines work together equivalent to a full transmission type 4 x 4. It also helps to drive at low speeds, in "zero emissions" with the electric motor alone. Everything is mated to a 6-speed automatic transmission. The most interesting is that the average consumption of 3.2 l/100 km in the combined cycle for only 83 g / km of CO2 release. Autonomy in electric mode is obviously foreign to these good numbers. Peugeot goes further in efficiency and functionality offers "plug-in" lithium-ion batteries that can be recharged by plugging the vehicle on a socket 220 V standard. This allows it to have a mode "ZEV" widely spread, that is to say, it has the ability to travel up to 30 km in 100% electric propulsion without CO2 emissions ....



Specifications :
  • Engine: Hybrid4
  • Engine: 4 cylinder Diesel 2.2 HDI 150 kW (204 hp)
  • Electric motor: 70 kW (95 hp)
  • Total Power: 299 hp
  • Battery: lithium-ion
  • Cx: 0.28
  • Consumption: 3.2 l/100 km
  • Emissions: 83 g / km CO2



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Kia Soul - 2012


KIA SOUL ....




"Rise of the East" is the meaning of the Korean language name " Kia ", it is also the name chosen by the company in 1944 which then launched the construction of bicycles. It was only from 1952 that "Kia" begins construction license "Mazda" car. After Asia Motors acquired the firm in 1979 expanding its production under license of European cars to as "Fiat" or even "Peugeot". In 1986, firms have shareholders "Ford" and "Mazda" bought and share equally the capital of the company and consequently that they even design technology cars " Kia "will quickly become the first automaker in Korea with production in 2000 be around six hundred thousand copies ....


While the automotive industry is desperate, the Korean manufacturer brings a little levity in January by launching the new version of the " Kia Soul "which is quite exhilarating as its greatest asset is its concept. It will not be an insult to the mark to say that the Soul is probably the first Kia that we look with undisguised pleasure. Once rather bland, style Korean manufacturer seems changing and is clearly here a new dimension full of "pep" and originality. Muscular and attractive design is the work of Peter Schreyer, the father of the Audi TT and New Beetle, which two years trying to bring a little gaiety in pencil Korea. 4.10 m long, 1.78 m wide and 1.61 m high, the car has a new template, gender or Toyota Urban Cruiser Citroen C3 Picasso or monosospace or 4X4, these vehicles could be Stars of our cities for the next decade. This is actually a kind of funny to look mini space rectangular and friendly, and modularity very interesting for small families. The Kia Soul is available with two petrol engines or diesel ....


Technically, the Kia Soul is based on an entirely new platform (derived from that of Rio) will be reused for future models of the brand. Despite its compact size, everything about this small car exudes dynamism as plump wings or 18-inch wheels that fill out the wings, like the first glance. Or city, or minivan, it lies halfway and looks like a small friendly city that is easy to imagine everyday life. The interior is spacious and welcoming, especially at the rear where passengers feel comfortable. The interior can adopt four different finishes depending on the version. Sitting up, the driver dominates the city traffic and the feeling of space is real thanks to the generous wheelbase. The audio system is a central and an impressive speaker sits on top of the dashboard and two tweeters are styling side air vents. Series, the car has six airbags, ice and electric control locks, heated mirrors, a stereo AM / FM with CD player and MP3 equipped with a USB port and auxiliary jack, Bluetooth connectivity the steering wheel audio controls, heated seats and a host of other features. The Kia Soul also offers an audio rather upscale 315-watt capable of transforming the interior of the car traveling nightclub ....


The comfort of the Kia Soul is the appointment. The front buckets are wide but relatively flat and have all the settings for the backrest and cushion height, as well as the driver and front passenger will feel at ease and ready to put hundreds of miles. Beyond the finish, there are also equipment and this chapter, we find first a big speedometer in the center easy to see a clear and precise instrumentation. The tachometer is a little smaller but still very readable. Side are just indicators of engine temperature and fuel level. Controls the air conditioning and audio system are positioned on the center as well as the USB port and auxiliary jack for MP3 player. Driving, Soul shows is balanced with a precise electric power steering and stability effectively managed by an ESP. Braking is powerful and constant ABS system seems set. But the highlight high-tech is in the rear-view mirror as the screen displaying images of the reversing camera is located behind the ice. This may seem to use gadget but it is really handy and very ergonomic. By doing a reverse with the Kia Soul , we often look in the mirror and magic of the third mirror suddenly displayed a view of the rear of the vehicle ....


Kia says the two engines available in the Kia Soul are completely new. The basic version comes with a 4-cylinder 1.6-liter petrol paired only with a manual five-speed. The 122 horsepower engine will not represent more than 5% of sales and its sole purpose is the price of 15,000 euros which will serve as an argument advertising to attract customers at dealerships. The second engine is a 1.6 CRDi diesel turbocharged 128 horsepower with the possibility of an automatic transmission. Both engines respond well to the new Euro4 emission standards. Rejecting respectively 137 and 155g CO2/km therefore remain neutral for Eco-tags. This should involve diesel about 90% of sales in France Soul. Admittedly, the motor car and will not beat the record, but the 1.6 CRDi which offers a maximum torque of 260nm at 2500 rpm / min is more than enough to animate its 1270 pounds. Better, it even provides some drive-ability by being alive on the road and docile in town. An excellent compromise that extends the correct assessment of the Kia Soul which is nice to look at but also fun to drive ....


Specifications :
  • Engine: 4 CRDi
  • Capacity: 1.6 Liters
  • Power: 128 hp
  • Torque: 260 Nm at 2500 rev / min
  • Weight: 1270 Kg
  • Releases: 155g CO2/km

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Toyota GT 86 - 2012


TOYOTA GT 86 ....



Although relatively late arrival to the car in 1936, " Toyota "became nevertheless the first Japanese industrial group both in quality and volume production cars. The real business expansion of the company began in the '50s to become in 1970 the third largest producer of automobiles in the 2000s and reached the number one spot. Cars the company has always been characterized by a strict technical simplicity and aesthetic choices and mechanical modeled on only the best of the Western school. At Toyota it is simple, robust and efficient perfectly suited to market demand and provides a comprehensive range of models capable of responding to all customer requests, and even sports ....


On the occasion of the last Tokyo Motor Show, Toyota unveiled the final version of its small 2 +2 coupe powered sport called Toyota GT 86 . Because since 2006, the Japanese giant did not count any sports model in its European range, with the exception of confidential Yaris TS. An absence which was surprising how the largest manufacturer in the world could he be absent from a market segment as iconic? Some automotive specialists had bet on the return of the Celica name for the new sports coupe for the Japanese brand. Except that the last four generations of Celica were traction, unlike their contemporaries MR, but who were central engine propulsion. Between these two definitions existed between 1983 and 1987 a small coupe powered front engine derived from the Corolla known as the surname "or AE86 Sprinter Trueno." It is to the latter that the company wanted to refer to this new coupe designed in collaboration with Subaru finally took the name of Toyota GT 86 ....


Since his appointment in 2009, Akio Toyoda, the new boss of the Japanese giant, has decided to shift gears. The first speech of the former racing driver claimed the desire to reintroduce the "driving pleasure" in the values ​​of the brand. The new coupe Toyota GT 86 is the first concrete result of this proactive orientation. Developed in partnership with Subaru technical, this small coupe draws propulsion legacy Toyota. In terms of design, the final version is very close to various concepts presented from the Tokyo Motor Show in 2009. Only a few details change as Taillights less sharp, less dramatic diffuser or small air intake on the front fender to look much less "Aston Martin". On the front nets diodes are replaced by more conventional fog lamps and veined from the Toyota badge on the bonnet are more pronounced. But fortunately he remains faithful to its architecture. It is always a compact coupe (4.24 m) and particularly picked (1.29 m high) which, however, has four seats with a wheelbase of 2.57 m. The line says a lot about the claims of the model. Compact, sporty and wide shoulder, GT 86 uses all the features of specific cut muscular style, starting with optical LED threatening highlighted that became a reference year 2010. In the end, Toyota GT 86 is beautiful with this very sporty look and bestial ....


Regarding technology, the Toyota GT 86 is built on a chassis with onions that with only 53% of the weight on the front axle, Revelle behavior almost neutral. As a bonus, the company has opted for a more wide of tires in the rear than the front, which is the mark of true sport. Icing on the cake, Toyota offers a limited-slip differential lock particularly effective specially designed for front-wheel drive. It is a pure propulsion, but enjoying maximum traction. Most players will be able to disconnect the VSC stability control to better enjoy the temperament of the machine. Thus, we see with joy that Toyota has finally decided to redo vehicles fun after a long dry spell. On board, the interior is completely driver-focused to provide a sporty ride with better ergonomics studied in detail the functionality of each element with which the driver interacts. In addition, the shape of the front seat is designed not only for comfort, but also records and cushions the surfaces to provide optimal support to the acceleration and G-forces. The Toyota GT 86 is also fitted with a dashboard and a center console with carbon inserts, leather and aluminum, which reinforces the sporty looking ....


Regarding the engine, the unusual Toyota GT 86 is equipped with a four-cylinder flat boxer Genuine Subaru equipped with a direct injection system and indirect Toyota D-4S similar to the V10 the Lexus LFA. This system uses the indirect injection at low rpm for generating a turbulence effect in the cylinders in order to improve combustion. This four-cylinder "square" of 1998 cm3 uses the same race and the same bore of 86 mm. With its high compression ratio (12.5: 1) that block air takes a typically Japanese philosophy will require the whip to get the best. The maximum torque of 205 Nm is indeed obtained 6600 r / min and maximum power of 200 horsepower attained only at 7,000 r / min. But do not forget the finesse and spontaneity of a naturally aspirated engine sharp, clearly, you tap the right pedal and it goes instantly without response time. Transmission is entrusted to a gearbox 6-speed manual, but a 6-speed automatic unit is also available as an option and will include paddles behind the steering wheel. The very unusual Toyota GT 86 should also be offered with an optional 250-horsepower high against the base 200. This variant is internally developed by the Department Toyota Racing Development (TRD) ....



Specifications :
  • Engine: 4-cylinder boxer
  • Capacity: 2.0 Liters
  • Power: 200 hp at 7,000 r / min
  • Torque: 205 Nm at 6600 r / min
  • Speed: 250 km / h

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Nissan Juke R - 2012


NISSAN JUKE R ....



 After the war, in 1954, the Japanese " Nissan "regained its independence and autonomy in administration after U.S. forces and starts its production focuses primarily on four-door family sedan economical and robust. From the mid-60s, the success helping, " Nissan "will begin to diversify its range with coupes, convertibles and even some sports and enrich the 80s again with" 4x4 "and also" Pickup ". In 1999, " Nissan "will conclude an alliance with Renault to become the fifth global car manufacturer ....


Nowadays, thanks to its alliance with Renault, the Japanese firm has a great range of vehicles including some sports and very interesting. Even recently, the Japanese manufacturer in the headlines by presenting the brand new urban crossover family called the Nissan Juke . A kind of frog with his face surprised and optical globular quite nice. Explosive mixture, crossing the various influences of urban, SUVs and mini-MPV, the Juke already threw stir in escaping the traditional divide. But the firm did not have the car remained at the last Tokyo Motor Show, they dropped altogether creating another huge surprise. They dared to present a new version of the Juke, hyper sport called Nissan Juke R is a beast. This crossover on-vitamin amazed and surprised a lot of people in a good way ....


Anxious not to stop in so good way, the research department of Nissan astonishes us today by this new creation, born of love clearly improbable the small urban crossover and super car Nissan GTR loud. Finally, the Nissan Juke R is the result of a crazy idea. Think about it, boil together the small original urban crossover, and the bowels of the sulfur GT-R (GT-R Juke + = Juke-R), more than one would have dropped along the way. Nissan but not with the help of RML workshops have been through the process. The little frog original Juke-looking nice and funny suffered a serious treatment of testosterone to mimic the GTR. Facies chubby, swollen to bursting wings, shield and copiously pierced pierced hood scoops, the friendly Japanese crossover now displays a countenance truly demonstrative. The immaculate dress is not left behind in this color mate, exhibiting a belligerent fittings, combining anthracite side skirts, rear wing and impressive 20-inch wheels plus a few discreet extractor. Finally they put the package, it is very aggressive. Aesthetically, it remains amazed by the many who give aerodynamic character (lots of character) at this amazing machine that does not fail. The Nissan Juke R is prettier and the whole is rather beastly enough for some, or enough chick to others. But it emerges from the Juke lowered and bodybuilder undeniable scent of asphalt and racing ....


The stunning Nissan Juke R is placed on 20-inch wheels, wearing very aerodynamic hast thou seen with an amazing double-wing. It seems very chubby because it took 13 cm wide at the wings, which seem so very swollen. Shields and skirts (very) wrap round the table and a matte black finish is fairly dramatic conclusion must admit this unusual craft. Yet if we recognize quite a Juke, he must realize that he has had to absorb the trains running and transmission of the GT-R! For simplicity, we expanded the original Juke to get width and shortened the wheelbase of the GT-R to go all in length. Much to say right now, transplant mechanics of the GT-R has very well taken the Juke. We do not like driving a vehicle rigged, but rather a vehicle very successful and tweaked (even the air conditioning was kept!). Ease of operation is the same as that experienced at the wheel of the coupe, they are strong at Nissan, it is easy to say but not easy to do. But the result is the very amazing and really unusual Nissan Juke R ....


Regarding the engine of Nissan Juke R , the firm inserted shoehorn the same engine as the GTR racing. It is a sulfur V6 3.8-liter engine that blown by a twin-turbo develops 500 horsepower trifle, a beast of power associated with the low weight of the car promises high performance fly. This extra power is still very docile, but asks only to speak the soda powder as soon as the right pedal to the floor. Box of the GT-R is admirably job with lightning gear changes and smooth. Then of course the performances are not those of the GT-R otiginale because the shorter wheelbase, the heavy roll cage added and aerodynamics that has nothing to do with the sports coupe that oppose it. But ultimately the 0 to 100 km / h is covered in less than 5 seconds. The Nissan Juke R is generous. He gives voice to the inside and outside, it gets big kicks to the buttocks re-acceleration, it brakes hard and 4WD permit, even in the rain, to take pleasure in tight curves. In fact you can take it two ways. Either we say that it is a re-bodied GT and here we are feeling disappointed, either one takes it as a supercharged engine, and we say that there is a "crazy thing" ....



Specifications :
  • Engine: V6 biturbo
  • Capacity: 3.8 L
  • Power: 500 hp
  • Torque: 450 Nm at 5500 t / mn
  • Speed: 250 km / h
  • Acceleration: 0 to 100 in 4'' 8

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Monday, January 21, 2013

Hyundai Veloster - 2012


Hyundai Veloster ....





The automotive group " Hyundai "recently became the fourth global automaker, the result of unbridled growth, achieved through product more convincing. Indeed, in a world affected by pessimism car, the Hyundai-Kia serves as an exception to the rule because in 12 years, the Korean went from 12th to 4th place in the world, behind Toyota, GM and Volkswagen but ahead of Ford. Programmed in three emergence time. Firstly, the production of medium quality discount models to make themselves known. Then the advent car maker as classic full. And finally today the desire to sit his reputation via the emergence of true originality, style and architecture. This originality was lacking hitherto Korean manufacturers often accused of "followers" has changed with the new Hyundai Veloster who wants to be the first evidence of this change ....


How to seduce drivers born in 1980 who are interested not so much in the car? This is the thorny question facing many marketing offices throughout the world. The Japanese and Korean paradoxically appear as the first to offer new alternatives likely to attract the "lost generation". After Nissan and Cube, Hyundai is now trying to seduce the customer with the Hyundai Veloster . On the aesthetic point of view, the Veloster is fly. Bold, there is no reference to classic sports. At most, one might liken the false air outlets that cover a Lotus Elise or central exhaust than the last Megane RS The back squat and squat they appear on unpublished. In detail, color inserts in the wheels, wings marked and taillights embedded in a concave curve more similar the Hyundai Veloster robot that of the automobile. Ultimately very attractive with a spirit stuck between Alfa Romeo, Citroen DS, Honda or Mazda, Hyundai strange car call for a customer to take contrarian daily. But what happiness a wise builder also flows into the deep end of the original cars ....


The main peculiarity of the Hyundai Veloster remains its asymmetry with a driver door and two passenger side and flanks reversed depending on whether it is a left hand drive or right hand drive. A unique architecture that has nothing to delirium designer, since the Veloster third door opens to a clientele of young families who fled the previously cut. In the genre, we already knew the cut 4 doors, 2 doors 2 seats, the "2 +2" or even the true sedan-like cut. The Veloster meanwhile opted for a "2 +1", sedan or coupe as you look right profile with a rear door or the left who does not. Certainly incongruous if it be published in the eyes of Cartesian automotive, architectural asymmetry unique to this model series should attract a clientele shifted want different roll while maintaining a real convenience. Responsibility reverts to its designer, Thomas Burkle, who came from BMW. The front is somewhat reminiscent of the Citroen DS while the large glass tailgate at the rear gives the appearance of a coupe station wagon with a broken line around a large cross invisible from the outside. Trompe l'oeil, the large glass roof of the superb Hyundai Veloster opens partially to alleviate the feeling of confinement in the rear. Finally, the new house has a hexagonal grille look at least as expressive long optical cutthroat LED, or to the side vents ....


Cut side road, curbside sedan, the Hyundai Veloster asymmetric is much more relevant as we imagine beyond geometry box, it flatters the ego of the driver sees a cut on his side, but domestic scene in perspective for the other side, both doors deliver regular access to inside and even safe for children who can not go up or down on the right side of the sidewalk. The roominess for four people is greater than expected increases and seduction to review the details of style. The interior presentation is flattering, while standard equipment omits nothing essential with a well designed center console and complete Meter tasteful to sporty much more nuanced than the physical Veloster might suggest, the Heated leather sports seats ensure a snug badged correct and electrically adjustable, GPS, sunroof, 6 airbags, ESP, 17'' rims and multimedia touch screen, reversing camera, auto air conditioning , USB iPod and even key less. In fact nothing is missing, and if Hyundai favors hard plastic, the end result is fully convincing and has nothing to envy to some rivals. And the unusual Hyundai Veloster has other arguments to make as the chassis displays a pleasing agility and precise direction as incisive ....


Regarding the engine, the amazing Hyundai Veloster is equipped with a modern engine block 4-cylinder 1600 cc gasoline direct injection develops 140 horsepower and a torque of 167 Nm at 4850 rev / min. Transmission is entrusted to a manual 6-speed dual clutch DCT-6. This engine provides values ​​competitive with CO2 emissions 142 g / km and only 6.2 l/100 fuel consumption, the figures down to 5.6 liters per 100 km and 132 g / km when Hyundai Veloster is equipped with the Start & Stop system ISG. In terms of performance, the Veloster reaches 0-100 km / h in 9.8 seconds for a top speed of 201 km / h. With an entry level € 22,390, the Hyundai Veloster is aligned with general models hottest segment, this rate is more with a guarantee (doubled assistance) for five years, unlimited mileage. ...

Specifications :
  • Engine: 4 cylinders
  • Displacement: 1600 cc
  • Power: 140 hp 4850 rev / min
  • Torque: 167 Nm
  • Speed: 201 km / h
  • Acceleration: 0 to 100 in 9'' 8


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Volvo 480 - 1985


 VOLVO 480 GT ....



The brand " Volvo ", considered today as the symbol of a certain Scandinavian perfectionism, was born in the 20s by two employees of the company specializing in SKF bearings. With modern methods of construction and a particular care during assembly, the company will impose on the market without having chosen the path of powerful engines and innovative lines of bodies, half a century of service quality and safety . The success of " Volvo "is probably due to the fact that its cars although mass produced had an original character, enviable comfort, robustness and proven daily operation carefree ....


Volvo is now in the hands of a Chinese group does not prevent the Swedish brand to celebrate its past, the evidence with the celebration of 25 years of the 480. In 1985, when the Volvo 480 made ​​its appearance, the range of the manufacturer included only for propulsion since the inception of the brand in 1927, the propulsion was the norm at Volvo Car Corporation. And finally in October 1985, Volvo released its first photography FWD, the ES 480, and now launched a new technical route and finally since 1998, all Volvo are front wheel drive or four-wheel drive cars. In fact the project was to replace the long-term range 340/360 but also families 240 and 760/740, was baptized and led to the Galaxy series 400 and 850. The work was carried out on two fronts, first at Volvo Car Corporation in Gothenburg for the big car and the second at Volvo Car BV in the Netherlands for compact models. In the end, the Volvo 480 was the first representative of a new generation of products from Volvo Car BV, the Dutch subsidiary of Volvo Car Corporation, whose assembly facilities are located Born ....


The development of the amazing Volvo 480 started under the aegis of Dan Warbin, from 1979 in Holland Volvo, for a production plant in Born in the Netherlands in the province of Limburg near Maastricht, former DAF plant acquired by Volvo in 1973. The design was entrusted to Holland Volvo style department, headed by Robert Koch, but originally it was in competition with the design department of Volvo Sweden, led by Jan Wilsgaard and two famous Italian agencies, Bertone and Coggiola . The body is like a coach, 3 doors with 2 side doors and tailgate. Before the drawing is similar to that of a coupe, while the rear evokes the shape of a break. Sometimes called break hunting this particular architecture, especially for longer wheelbases. Her figure refers to the first shooting brake brand, which had its heyday in the early 1970s, the famous Volvo 1800 ES. Finally, the Volvo 480 made ​​its official debut at the Salon International Automobile in Geneva ....


If the Volvo 480 was different from other models of the brand, it was not only a question of architecture mechanical front wheel. There was also the wedge shape, clean lines, its 2 +2 configuration, its pace of shooting brake two-door hatchback and all glass. There was also its retractable headlights and grille patterned traditional Volvo diagonal reduced to a sketch relegated under the front shield. His body was signed by the Dutch designer John De Vries, Peter Horbury Columbia was responsible for the interior. Some unique features specific to the 480 were even introduced such as the lock was placed in an unusual place. This site is because the technicians said they could not make a strong enough mechanism without a glass part of the window guide is visible and therefore it can be noted that this triangle has a side parallel with the glass triangular the front of the door. Once the triangle set up, the designers are then seized by placing the lock. A positive aspect of this location is that the lock is then located at a more convenient height and that there is no risk of scratching the paint during the opening or closing of the car. Another unique characteristic restraint when the Volvo 480 was the extension of the rear light clusters and by the adoption of an integrated wiper ....


Since the early 70s, Volvo is working with Renault and Peugeot to build a V6, the famous PRV. Cooperation with Renault will continue from 1979 as part of an industrial agreement for the supply of engines 1.4 liter and 1.7 liter. The Volvo 480 , so that's engine 4 cylinders in line with a displacement of 1.7 liters of origin Renault develops a power of 110 hp at 5500 r / min and torque of 165 Nm at 3500 rpm / min was chosen. This engine camshaft head and electronic fuel injection was installed transversely, a first for Volvo, and caused the front wheels through a gearbox five-speed manual or an optional automatic gearbox. The year 1988 saw the appearance of a new, more powerful version for turbocharged, with a turbo inter-cooler and electronically controlled, the Volvo 480 Turbo developing 120 horsepower and a top speed exceeding 200 km / h ....



Specifications :
  • Engine: 4 cylinders in line
  • Capacity: 1.7 L
  • Power: 110 hp at 5500 rev / min
  • Torque: 165 Nm at 3500 r / min
  • Speed: 190 km / h
  • Weight: 1050 Kg

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Friday, January 4, 2013

Volkswagen Golf GTI 1800 - 1983

VOLKSWAGEN GOLF GTI ....





In the late 60s and it seems obvious to people in " Volkswagen "that is scheduled to arrive and must also shake up the range and unbalanced aging time. Indeed, the whole sustainability of the brand " Volkswagen "is based on the old Cox as other models of the German manufacturer can not really penetrate. And is as mythical as the Cox today, in the early 70s, it is still a model designed before the war. Lethal Weapon is designed by the Golf Guigiaro which started production in March 1974 in 3 and 5-door variant. It was during the year 1975 that the engineers house, particularly about the behavior of rigid monocoque of the small VW Golf had the idea of a sports version. However, preliminary estimates of production are 5000 copies, not per year, but in total. In reality, we do not doubt that the draft Golf "Sport" will become a bestseller, with more than one million copies sold, nor will it do so emulated by competitors to the point of revolutionize the automotive culture for fifteen years after ....




Early studies of the Volkswagen Golf GTI are first made ​​under the seal of secrecy or at least informally as passionate engineers working on this project do on their free time. The first prototype is a Scirocco with a 1.5 L double body carburetor delivering 100 horsepower. Not finding satisfaction in terms of mechanical engineers will cast their sights on the 1600 cm3 with a Bosch K-Jetronic injection equipping the Audi 80 GTE. Incidentally, the small wins 1600 cm3 10 horses under the hood of the Golf that weighs only 780 kg, it is a time for bold transplant is still considered as the maximum permissible power on a FWD was 100 hp maximum. The production is finally decided and the sales department, anxious to stand out from the rest of the range, named "GTI" with "G" Great, "T" for Tourism and the "I" for Injection. And so it was that on 11 September 1975, the exhibition of the Frankfurt Motor Show opens its doors with a major attraction on the stand, the Volkswagen Golf GTI . "The Volkswagen fastest of all time," as the message conveyed by the advertisement ....




The chief designer of the Volkswagen Golf GTI , Herbert Schäfer is loaded to differentiate the "GTI" of its rivals in some details that will reference as red borders on the grille, front spoiler more impressive, the fender flares black plastic wheels wider (175 instead of 155), the contour matt black windscreen or black roof. It will be a bombshell because when comparing VW Golf I GTI 1600 against its rivals in 1976 she found herself far above the lot. Ford Escort RS 2000 MKII, the Innocenti De Tomaso, the Autobianchi A112 Abarth and Renault 5 Alpine are all endearing and certainly efficient, but none of them possess the power of the Golf is homogeneous. Reliable, space, performance, practice, Golf GTI became the darling of fashion. Above all, it buries the cut are also much less practical and less efficient for most. It should be said that trains are ideally suited to rolling chassis Volkswagen Golf GTI with extra wide tires (205/60 R 13), the original suspension is maintained by attaching stabilizer bars and the calibration of Spring is finely adjusted typed sport. This is how a family car becomes bombinette, ready to swallow the rage with bitumen and curves with ease ....




Customizing the Volkswagen Golf GTI continues in the cockpit with the famous golf ball as a shifter knob and sport seats covered with a plaid fabric Scottish style. GTI legend is turned on and will gradually cannibalize small sport coupes little living, impractical and with performance equal or lower. Since 1978, the GTI gets an oil cooler and a bigger clutch and the following year, a 5-speed gearbox. Also for this year, small bumpers are replaced by larger models. In 1981 rear lights grow larger, the windshield is now laminated iodine headlights appear and dashboard, steering wheel and shift knob are redrawn speed. The 1983 vintage is an opportunity for VW to offer a 5-door variant. The Golf GTI Wolkswagen subsequently evolve into a trend of gentrification and all subsequent versions tend towards comfort but without losing performance. Based on golf, output in 1974 and designed by Guigiaro, the Volkswagen Golf GTI despite its unfavorable aerodynamic, but weighing just 800kg and with good uniformity, excellent reliability, roominess enviable and very good performance, will revolutionize the world of sport and GTI and ultimately become a name that everyone will envy ....




Regarding the engine the amazing Volkswagen Golf GTI pressed first proposed with a 1600 cm3 four-cylinder in-line odds with hyper square with a Bosch K-Jetronic injection allowing it to develop 110 hp at 6100 rev / min and a torque of 14 kgm at 5000 rpm / min. In 1983, an engine of 1800 cm3 is proposed that develops 112 horsepower at 5,800 r / min and torque of 15.6 kgm at 3500 rpm / min. More than the power that is the couple who wins and therefore, the engine became more torque and less sharp loses a little pure sportiness but gains in flexibility. A net gain to the very conduct that results in improved flexibility and reversals growth despite the lengthening of the 5-speed transmission always. Performance are still valid with a beautiful 185 km / h maximum speed, despite a physical "shoebox" and especially staying under 31 seconds per kilometer standing start and under 10 seconds 0-100 km / h. Given the overwhelming success of the unusual Volkswagen Golf GTI , all European manufacturers had at that time have a muscular version of their small city. And follow-up with Peugeot 205 GTI, with Renault R5 GT Turbo, Opel Corsa with GSE, Citroën AX Sport Chrono or Visa or Fiat Ritmo Abarth with ....




Specifications:
  • Engine: 4 cylinders in line
  • Capacity: 1.8 Litres
  • Power: 112 hp at 5800 r / min
  • Torque: 15.6 kgm at 3500 rpm / min
  • Speed: 185 km / h
  • Acceleration: 0 to 100 in 9'' 8
  • Performance: 1000 m DA 30'' 7

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