Friday, January 4, 2013

Volkswagen Golf GTI 1800 - 1983

VOLKSWAGEN GOLF GTI ....





In the late 60s and it seems obvious to people in " Volkswagen "that is scheduled to arrive and must also shake up the range and unbalanced aging time. Indeed, the whole sustainability of the brand " Volkswagen "is based on the old Cox as other models of the German manufacturer can not really penetrate. And is as mythical as the Cox today, in the early 70s, it is still a model designed before the war. Lethal Weapon is designed by the Golf Guigiaro which started production in March 1974 in 3 and 5-door variant. It was during the year 1975 that the engineers house, particularly about the behavior of rigid monocoque of the small VW Golf had the idea of a sports version. However, preliminary estimates of production are 5000 copies, not per year, but in total. In reality, we do not doubt that the draft Golf "Sport" will become a bestseller, with more than one million copies sold, nor will it do so emulated by competitors to the point of revolutionize the automotive culture for fifteen years after ....




Early studies of the Volkswagen Golf GTI are first made ​​under the seal of secrecy or at least informally as passionate engineers working on this project do on their free time. The first prototype is a Scirocco with a 1.5 L double body carburetor delivering 100 horsepower. Not finding satisfaction in terms of mechanical engineers will cast their sights on the 1600 cm3 with a Bosch K-Jetronic injection equipping the Audi 80 GTE. Incidentally, the small wins 1600 cm3 10 horses under the hood of the Golf that weighs only 780 kg, it is a time for bold transplant is still considered as the maximum permissible power on a FWD was 100 hp maximum. The production is finally decided and the sales department, anxious to stand out from the rest of the range, named "GTI" with "G" Great, "T" for Tourism and the "I" for Injection. And so it was that on 11 September 1975, the exhibition of the Frankfurt Motor Show opens its doors with a major attraction on the stand, the Volkswagen Golf GTI . "The Volkswagen fastest of all time," as the message conveyed by the advertisement ....




The chief designer of the Volkswagen Golf GTI , Herbert Schäfer is loaded to differentiate the "GTI" of its rivals in some details that will reference as red borders on the grille, front spoiler more impressive, the fender flares black plastic wheels wider (175 instead of 155), the contour matt black windscreen or black roof. It will be a bombshell because when comparing VW Golf I GTI 1600 against its rivals in 1976 she found herself far above the lot. Ford Escort RS 2000 MKII, the Innocenti De Tomaso, the Autobianchi A112 Abarth and Renault 5 Alpine are all endearing and certainly efficient, but none of them possess the power of the Golf is homogeneous. Reliable, space, performance, practice, Golf GTI became the darling of fashion. Above all, it buries the cut are also much less practical and less efficient for most. It should be said that trains are ideally suited to rolling chassis Volkswagen Golf GTI with extra wide tires (205/60 R 13), the original suspension is maintained by attaching stabilizer bars and the calibration of Spring is finely adjusted typed sport. This is how a family car becomes bombinette, ready to swallow the rage with bitumen and curves with ease ....




Customizing the Volkswagen Golf GTI continues in the cockpit with the famous golf ball as a shifter knob and sport seats covered with a plaid fabric Scottish style. GTI legend is turned on and will gradually cannibalize small sport coupes little living, impractical and with performance equal or lower. Since 1978, the GTI gets an oil cooler and a bigger clutch and the following year, a 5-speed gearbox. Also for this year, small bumpers are replaced by larger models. In 1981 rear lights grow larger, the windshield is now laminated iodine headlights appear and dashboard, steering wheel and shift knob are redrawn speed. The 1983 vintage is an opportunity for VW to offer a 5-door variant. The Golf GTI Wolkswagen subsequently evolve into a trend of gentrification and all subsequent versions tend towards comfort but without losing performance. Based on golf, output in 1974 and designed by Guigiaro, the Volkswagen Golf GTI despite its unfavorable aerodynamic, but weighing just 800kg and with good uniformity, excellent reliability, roominess enviable and very good performance, will revolutionize the world of sport and GTI and ultimately become a name that everyone will envy ....




Regarding the engine the amazing Volkswagen Golf GTI pressed first proposed with a 1600 cm3 four-cylinder in-line odds with hyper square with a Bosch K-Jetronic injection allowing it to develop 110 hp at 6100 rev / min and a torque of 14 kgm at 5000 rpm / min. In 1983, an engine of 1800 cm3 is proposed that develops 112 horsepower at 5,800 r / min and torque of 15.6 kgm at 3500 rpm / min. More than the power that is the couple who wins and therefore, the engine became more torque and less sharp loses a little pure sportiness but gains in flexibility. A net gain to the very conduct that results in improved flexibility and reversals growth despite the lengthening of the 5-speed transmission always. Performance are still valid with a beautiful 185 km / h maximum speed, despite a physical "shoebox" and especially staying under 31 seconds per kilometer standing start and under 10 seconds 0-100 km / h. Given the overwhelming success of the unusual Volkswagen Golf GTI , all European manufacturers had at that time have a muscular version of their small city. And follow-up with Peugeot 205 GTI, with Renault R5 GT Turbo, Opel Corsa with GSE, Citroën AX Sport Chrono or Visa or Fiat Ritmo Abarth with ....




Specifications:
  • Engine: 4 cylinders in line
  • Capacity: 1.8 Litres
  • Power: 112 hp at 5800 r / min
  • Torque: 15.6 kgm at 3500 rpm / min
  • Speed: 185 km / h
  • Acceleration: 0 to 100 in 9'' 8
  • Performance: 1000 m DA 30'' 7

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