Monday, January 21, 2013

Volvo 480 - 1985


 VOLVO 480 GT ....



The brand " Volvo ", considered today as the symbol of a certain Scandinavian perfectionism, was born in the 20s by two employees of the company specializing in SKF bearings. With modern methods of construction and a particular care during assembly, the company will impose on the market without having chosen the path of powerful engines and innovative lines of bodies, half a century of service quality and safety . The success of " Volvo "is probably due to the fact that its cars although mass produced had an original character, enviable comfort, robustness and proven daily operation carefree ....


Volvo is now in the hands of a Chinese group does not prevent the Swedish brand to celebrate its past, the evidence with the celebration of 25 years of the 480. In 1985, when the Volvo 480 made ​​its appearance, the range of the manufacturer included only for propulsion since the inception of the brand in 1927, the propulsion was the norm at Volvo Car Corporation. And finally in October 1985, Volvo released its first photography FWD, the ES 480, and now launched a new technical route and finally since 1998, all Volvo are front wheel drive or four-wheel drive cars. In fact the project was to replace the long-term range 340/360 but also families 240 and 760/740, was baptized and led to the Galaxy series 400 and 850. The work was carried out on two fronts, first at Volvo Car Corporation in Gothenburg for the big car and the second at Volvo Car BV in the Netherlands for compact models. In the end, the Volvo 480 was the first representative of a new generation of products from Volvo Car BV, the Dutch subsidiary of Volvo Car Corporation, whose assembly facilities are located Born ....


The development of the amazing Volvo 480 started under the aegis of Dan Warbin, from 1979 in Holland Volvo, for a production plant in Born in the Netherlands in the province of Limburg near Maastricht, former DAF plant acquired by Volvo in 1973. The design was entrusted to Holland Volvo style department, headed by Robert Koch, but originally it was in competition with the design department of Volvo Sweden, led by Jan Wilsgaard and two famous Italian agencies, Bertone and Coggiola . The body is like a coach, 3 doors with 2 side doors and tailgate. Before the drawing is similar to that of a coupe, while the rear evokes the shape of a break. Sometimes called break hunting this particular architecture, especially for longer wheelbases. Her figure refers to the first shooting brake brand, which had its heyday in the early 1970s, the famous Volvo 1800 ES. Finally, the Volvo 480 made ​​its official debut at the Salon International Automobile in Geneva ....


If the Volvo 480 was different from other models of the brand, it was not only a question of architecture mechanical front wheel. There was also the wedge shape, clean lines, its 2 +2 configuration, its pace of shooting brake two-door hatchback and all glass. There was also its retractable headlights and grille patterned traditional Volvo diagonal reduced to a sketch relegated under the front shield. His body was signed by the Dutch designer John De Vries, Peter Horbury Columbia was responsible for the interior. Some unique features specific to the 480 were even introduced such as the lock was placed in an unusual place. This site is because the technicians said they could not make a strong enough mechanism without a glass part of the window guide is visible and therefore it can be noted that this triangle has a side parallel with the glass triangular the front of the door. Once the triangle set up, the designers are then seized by placing the lock. A positive aspect of this location is that the lock is then located at a more convenient height and that there is no risk of scratching the paint during the opening or closing of the car. Another unique characteristic restraint when the Volvo 480 was the extension of the rear light clusters and by the adoption of an integrated wiper ....


Since the early 70s, Volvo is working with Renault and Peugeot to build a V6, the famous PRV. Cooperation with Renault will continue from 1979 as part of an industrial agreement for the supply of engines 1.4 liter and 1.7 liter. The Volvo 480 , so that's engine 4 cylinders in line with a displacement of 1.7 liters of origin Renault develops a power of 110 hp at 5500 r / min and torque of 165 Nm at 3500 rpm / min was chosen. This engine camshaft head and electronic fuel injection was installed transversely, a first for Volvo, and caused the front wheels through a gearbox five-speed manual or an optional automatic gearbox. The year 1988 saw the appearance of a new, more powerful version for turbocharged, with a turbo inter-cooler and electronically controlled, the Volvo 480 Turbo developing 120 horsepower and a top speed exceeding 200 km / h ....



Specifications :
  • Engine: 4 cylinders in line
  • Capacity: 1.7 L
  • Power: 110 hp at 5500 rev / min
  • Torque: 165 Nm at 3500 r / min
  • Speed: 190 km / h
  • Weight: 1050 Kg

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